Bài tập luyện thi IELTS reading 5
The Dingo Fence or Dog Fence is a pest-exclusion fence that was built in Australia during the 1880s and finished in 1885, to keep dingoes out of the relatively fertile southeast part of the continent (where they had largely been exterminated) and protect the sheep flocks of southern Queensland. It is one of the longest structures in the world and is the world’s longest fence. It stretches 5,614 kilometres (3,488 mi) from Jimbour on the Darling Downs near Dalby through thousands of kilometres of arid land ending west of Eyre Peninsula on cliffs of the Nullarbor Plain above the Great Australian Bight near Nundroo. It has been partly successful, though dingoes can still be found in parts of the southern states. Although the fence has helped reduce losses of sheep to predators, this has been countered by holes in fences found in the 1990s through which dingo offspring have passed and by increased pasture competition from rabbits and kangaroos.
True/ false/ not given
- The fence has successfully protected the sheep flocks of southern Australia since it was implemented in 1885.
- Initially, the fence was build up to keep wolf and dingo away from kangaroos.
- With the length of 5,614 km, Dingo Fence or Dog Fence used to be the world longest fence during the 20th
- The pasture competition from rabbits and kangaroos can threat Queensland’s animal husbandry.
- Australia wild puppies may become a risk to animal farms when those are in the other side of the Dingo Fence.
- People sometime report for the dingo in parts of the southern states.
1/ F 2/F 3/F 4/NG 5/NG 6/NG
- Dingo: chó rừng (một loại chó hoang rất phổ biến ở Úc)
- Pest-exclusion fence: Hàng rào ngăn chặn thú rừng
- Fertile: vùng đất màu mỡ
- Exterminate: giết hàng loạt
- Sheep flocks: những đàn cừu
- Stretch: kéo dài
- Arid: khô cằn
- Cliff: mỏm đá
- Predators: những kẻ săn mồi
- Dingo offspring: chó rừng con
- Pasture competition: cuộc chiến tranh giành cỏ
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